• Exceeds ASTM D-5751-99 Wet Use for Laminate Joints in Non-structural Lumber
• Meets DIN EN 204 D4 Classification of Thermoplastic Wood Adhesives for Non-
Like all adhesives, proper gluing practices are needed to achieve stated performance.
The pot life of these systems is in excess of one hour at 77 degrees Fahrenheit (twenty five degrees Celsius). However the viscosity of the mix will increase as it ages. Wood glued with older material will have less water resistance, a characteristic common to most EPI adhesives. Therefore, it is recommended that fresh adhesive be mixed only when it is to be immediately used. EPI adhesives also generate foam during the reaction process; so we recommend keeping the material moving continually.
Moisture content: Six to ten percent is the recommended moisture content for the gluing stock. Higher moisture content will increase the clamp time needed. Additionally, moisture content should mirror (as closely as possible) that which will be experienced in the end use market for the wood product being manufactured. Stock preparation: The preparation of the stock to be glued is extremely important. Joints cut from rip saws should be free of saw marks. They should also be straight and square. Moulded or jointed stock should be free of knife marks. Glazed or burnished joints will prevent adhesive penetration and should be avoided. When possible, glue joints should be prepared and glued the same day. Gluing stock should be uniform in thickness. Variation in thickness should not exceed ± 0.005 inches/0.12 mm. Sanding to thickness should be performed using higher than 50 grit abrasives. Spread rate: The recommended adhesive coating layer is the same as for most PVA products or approximately 0.007 inches/ 0.178 mm in thickness. EPI adhesives have superior gap filling properties due to their higher percent solids content. Generally, 200 g/m² / 41 #/MSGL of glue line is adequate.
Conveyorized spreaders are commonly used in edge-gluing applications. Adjust the applicator to ensure complete coverage on the staves. One side application is adequate in most situations. Verify that adequate coverage exists by monitoring squeeze-out along the glue lines when the panels are under pressure. Assembly time: The assembly time is influenced by many factors some of which include glue spread, moisture content of the stock, porosity of the stock, environmental conditions and adhesive choice. Assembly times of five to ten minutes are approximate. It is desirable to see a bead of adhesive squeeze out around the perimeter of the bottom panel of the stack.
At 70ºF and 50% relative humidity, approximately 6 wet mils:
Open Assembly Time – 5 minutes
Total Assembly Time – 10 minutes
Clamping pressure: Pressure is dependent upon the species or material to be glued and joint preparation. Direct contact of the gluing surfaces must be made to obtain maximum strength. Suggested clamp locations for various wood densities are eight to fifteen inches (20-38 cm) apart and two inches (5 cm) from the end of the panel to evenly distribute pressure along the entire length of the glue line. Press/clamp time: A minimum press time of 30 minutes is recommended under ideal conditions when using soft wood species at moisture content less than eight to ten percent and factory temperatures of 68 degrees Fahrenheit/ 20 degrees Celsius. Longer press times will be required for higher density species, higher moisture contents and colder factory temperatures. It is recommended that optimum press times be determined in actual plant conditions recognizing that seasonal changes may lead to variable requirements. Working pauses: The spreader should be kept running during pauses in production for lunch breaks, etc. to help extend the working life of the adhesive.
Machining: Post-gluing conditioning is not unlike PVA products, although shorter curing times are frequently possible. We recommend that panels be allowed to condition at least six hours prior to additional processing. RF cure time: Radio frequency cure times will vary from machine to machine. Machine manufacturers suggest that machines will cure between 75 and 100 square inches of glue line per minute per kilowatt. Glue joints should feel warm immediately after the cure cycle. Cure times should be determined through plant trials. Hot Press time: Press time is dependent on the adhesive used, gluing stock type, moisture content of the stock and environmental conditions. This hot press schedule is provided as a recommended starting point. In plant testing is recommended especially for temperatures and substrate thicknesses beyond this chart. Clean-up: The foaming and cross-linking characteristics of EPI may cause blockages in the wastewater plumbing. Furthermore, there may be disposal concerns with the mixed product. It is recommended that the excess glue from the spreader and mixing containers be poured into a container and disposed of. Avoid sealing the container for at least 24 hours to permit EPI components to finish reacting. Glue pans and rollers may then be washed in warm water.
Shelf life: Best if used within four months of date of manufacture. Please mix before use since it very common for filler to settle out during aging.
Storage of Hardener: Hardener 400 is very susceptible to moisture. We recommend that it be kept in a sealed container. A desiccant or nitrogen blanket is recommended. Safety and disposal: Hardener 400 is a polymeric isocyanate. Use of gloves and other protective equipment is recommended. Consult MSDS before use for additional information.
For additional questions, Franklin’s technical service team is available at 1.800.877.4583. 24/7 technical service is available online at www.franklinadhesivesandpolymers.com. IMPORTANT NOTICE TO CUSTOMER: The recommendations and data contained in this Product Data Sheet for use of this product are based on information Franklin believes to be reliable. They are offered in good faith without guarantee, as conditions and methods of use of our product by Customer are beyond Franklin’s control. Customer should determine the suitability of the product for a particular application before adopting it on a commercial scale. Discoloration and checking of wood veneer materials may occur with use of the product. These occurrences range in appearance, color and may also vary depending upon the species of wood veneer to which the product is applied. Such discoloration and checking may appear during or after the manufacturing process which utilizes the product. Environmental conditions in some manufacturing plants and end-use locations can contribute to discoloration and checking. Because such discoloration and checking are attributable to conditions beyond Franklin’s control, Franklin cannot assume any responsibility or liability for any discoloration and/or checking problems that might occur.
All orders for Franklin products shall be subject to Franklin International, Inc.’s Standard Terms and Conditions of Sale which may be found at http://www.franklini.com/Terms_and_Conditions.aspx (“Standard Terms”). Different or additional terms proposed by Customer are expressly rejected and shall not become part of the agreement between Customer and Franklin International, Inc. with respect to any order. Contact Franklin International, Inc. immediately if you cannot access our Standard Terms and we will provide you a copy upon request. Any sale of products by Franklin to Customer is expressly conditional upon Customer’s consent to the Standard Terms, and Customer’s acceptance of any performance by, or receipt of products from, Franklin International, Inc. shall constitute Customer’s acceptance of the Standard Terms and Conditions of Sale.
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